- The Iraq war left western societies unchanged 20 years on, with its political and cultural legacy minimal.
- US casualties in Iraq were far lower than Vietnam, and it was an all-volunteer war.
- The cultural footprint of the Iraq war consists of a few films and protest songs.
- The war set citizen vs. citizen in Britain, Germany, and the US.
- The war left little trace politically: some leaders fell, but there was no systemic change.