- Robert Cooper argued that the end of the Cold War in 1989 marked the end of the balance of power and imperial urge in Europe.
- The EU needs to decide whether it wants to be an ally, a bridge or a power in this new world.
- The EU has difficulties managing divergent economies within a monetary union.
- The EU lacks dynamism in information and communications technology.
- The US is moving towards an interventionist and protectionist industrial policy.
- The EU faces two huge threats to its security: confrontation with Russia and global environment concerns.
- The EU needs a far deeper political and fiscal union in order to become a power of the old kind.
The EU’s future in a world of deep disorder
The EU needs to decide whether it wants to be an ally, a bridge or a power in this new world of economic crises, pandemics, deglobalisation and great power conflict.