- France is shifting its stance on NATO and EU enlargement, advocating for Ukraine's membership in both.
- France's shift on NATO surprised its allies, including Germany and the US.
- France is also supporting EU enlargement, a departure from its previous skepticism.
- France sees the need to consolidate European sovereignty amidst the threat of an expansionist Russia.
- Enlargement is viewed as a tool for achieving a deeper political project and strengthening European sovereignty.
France's geopolitical shift on NATO and EU enlargement could reshape the future of Europe. France advocates for Ukraine's membership in both NATO and the EU, signaling a reassessment of Europe's geopolitical landscape.